BDD is primarily about designing object behaviour and interaction and not about testing. It does however produce a suite of regression tests as a side effect. This has value in allowing us to refactor code knowing that it still behaves as specified.

One issue people have with (T|B)DD is that it then makes it difficult to change things as you have lots of tests/specs to change. If the behaviour is changing then they should change. So is this a red herring? Well not exactly, this only holds true if you use only use them to specify the external behaviour at a boundary. For example, from the DDD world, an aggregate boundary.

If inside that boundary there are multiple objects and how they communicate is essentially an implementation detail then specs for these may well get in the way when refactoring the implementation within that boundary. The behaviour of the objects implementing maybe changing a lot without the external boundary changing.

It seems one view is that you should therefore avoid writing them in the first place and another is that this is the right thing to do and you should just maintain them and live with this. So, does this mean that you should not write these specs in the first place? Do you need to then keep updating these to change the implementation?

Well as Hegel would have it, there is a possible synthesis of these positions. Use specs to design the internal interactions where it helps you but don’t feel obliged to keep these as soon as they becomes a hindrance to improving that implementation later. Keep those that specify the external behaviour but discard those that are no longer helpful. The test suite is a side effect, its not something to be precious about if it gets in the way of the primary use of BDD as a design technique. Don’t throw the baby out with the bathwater though - if that side effect gets in the way don’t avoid the original primary benefit.